GPSC New Syllabus


The medium of the examination shall be English and Gujarati. Gujarati and English Papers in Main Exam shall be in respective Language only. In case of question of interpretation of syllabus, the interpretation of the English shall be final.

General Studies-1 (Preliminary)

(A) History
1. Indus valley Civilisation: Features, Sites, Society, Cultural History, Art and Religion. Indus Valley Civilisation and Gujarat.
2. Vedic age- Jainism and Buddhism.
3. Foreign invasions on India and their impact.
4. The Mauryan and the Gupta Empire- their administration- social, religious and
economic conditions-art, architecture, literature, science and technology.
5. Kanishka , Harsha and South Indian Dynasties.
6. The Delhi Sultanate, Vijaynagar Empire and the Mughal Empire.
7. The Bhakti Movement and Sufism.
8. The Chavada, Solanki and Vaghela Dynasties of Gujarat- their rulers - administration, economy, society, religion, literature, arts and architecture.
9. Independent Sultanate of Gujarat – Sultan Ahmedashah I, Mahmud Begda and Bahadurshah.
10. Gujarat under the Mughals and the Marathas, Gaekwad’s rule in Baroda- Walker’s Settlement.
11. The European Trading companies in India- their struggle for supremacy- with special reference to Bengal, Mysore, Marathas and Hyderabad.
12. Governor-Generals and Viceroys.
13. Indian war of Independence of 1857 - Origin, nature, causes, consequences and significance with special reference to Gujarat.
14. Religious and social Reform Movements in 19th Century in India and Gujarat.
15. India’s Freedom Movement, Revolutionaries in India and abroad.
16. Reform measures by the Princely States of Saurashtra, Kutchh and Gujarat with special reference to Sayajirao Gaekwad III of Baroda, Bhagwatsinhji of Gondal, Waghji-II of Morbi, Bhavsinhji II of Bhavnagar, Lakhajiraj of Rajkot and Ranjitsinh of Nawanagar.
17. Mahatma Gandhi, his thoughts, principles and philosophy. Important Satyagrahas with special reference to Satyagrahas of Gujarat - Kheda, Borsad, Bardoli, Dharasana, Dholera, Rajkot and Limbadi.
18. The Role of Sardar Patel in freedom movement and post independence consolidation.
19. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, his life and contribution to making of Indian Constitution.
20. India after Independence - Reorganization of the States within the country, Maha Gujarat Movement, Major events.
(B) Cultural Heritage
1. Cultural Heritage of India and Gujarat: Art forms, Literature, Sculpture and Architecture.
2. Indian saint tradition and its impact on psyche of people.
3. Indian life style, Fairs, Festivals, Food, Costumes and Traditions.
4. Indian Music and its importance.
5. Gujarat’s Museums, Activities of Libraries, Cultural-Religious and Literary importance.
6. Language and dialects of Gujarat.
7. Gujarati Theatre: Drama, songs and different groups.
8. Life of Adivasi (Tribes): Festivals, Fair, Costumes, Rituals etc.
9. Gujarati Literature: Modes, Streams, Litterateurs and Literary Organizations.
10. Pilgrimage and Tourist Places of Gujarat.
(C) Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations.
1. Indian Constitution: Evolution, features, Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure.
2. Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Parliament and State Legislatures: Structure, Function, Power and Privileges. Issues and challenges pertaining to Federal Structure: Devolution of Power and Finances up to local levels and Challenges therein.
3. Constitutional Authorities: Powers, Functions and Responsibilities.
4. Panchayati Raj.
5. Public Policy and Governance.
6. Impact of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization on Governance.
7. Statutory, Regulatory and Quasi-judicial bodies.
8. Rights Issues (Human rights, Women rights, SC/ST rights, Child rights) etc.
9. India’s Foreign Policy – International Relations – Important Institutions, Agencies and Fora, their structure and mandate.
10. Important Policies and Programmes of Central and State Governments.
(D) General Mental Ability
1. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability.
2. Number Series, Coding –Decoding.
3. Problems related to Relations.
4. Shapes and their Sub-sections, Venn Diagram.
5. Problems based on Clocks, Calendar and Age.
6. Number system and order of Magnitude.
7. Linear Equations - in one or two Variables.
8. Ratio, proportion and variation.
9. Average of mean, median, mode – including weighted mean.
10. Power and exponent, Square, Square Root, Cube Root, H.C.F. and L.C.M.
11. Percentage, Simple and Compound Interest, Profit and loss.
12. Time and Work, Time and Distance, Speed and Distance.
13. Area and Perimeter of Simple Geometrical Shapes, Volume and Surface Area of Sphere, Cone, Cylinder, cubes and Cuboids.
14. Lines, angels and common geometrical figures – properties of transverse of parallel lines, properties of related to measure of sides of a triangles, Pythagoras theorem, quadrilateral, rectangle, parallelogram, and rhombus.
15. Introduction to algebra – BODMAS, simplification of weird symbols.
16. Data interpretation, Data Analysis, Data sufficiency, Probability.

General Studies-2 (Preliminary)

(A) Indian Economy and Planning
1. Indian Economy on the eve of Independence, Emergence and development of planning exercise in India – historical debates, plan models and shift in focus over time. Indian economy in post reform period: New Economic Reforms, NITI Aayog : aims, constitution and functions.
2. Agriculture sector: Institutional Structure- Land Reforms in India; Technological change in agriculture- Major Crops and Cropping Patterns in various parts of the country, Irrigation, pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs; Terms of trade between agriculture and industry; Agricultural Finance Policy; Agricultural Marketing and Warehousing; Issues in Food Security and Public Distribution System, Green Revolution, policies for sustainable agriculture and organic farming.
3. Industrial policy; Public Sector enterprises and their performance; Privatization and disinvestments debate; Growth and pattern of industrialization; Small-scale sector; Productivity in industrial sector; Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and industrialization, foreign investment and competition policy.
4. Infrastructure in Indian Economy: Meaning and Importance of Infrastructure - Water supply and Sanitation - Energy and Power - Science and Technology - Rural and Urban Infrastructure: Ports, Roads, Airports, Railway, Telecommunication. Social Impact Assessment.
5. Trends and patterns in structure of population over time – growth rate, gender, ruralurban migration, literacy, regional; Structure and trends of Poverty and Inequality; Unemployment – trends, structure and National Rural Employment Policies. Indicators of development-Physical Quality of Life Index, Human Development Index, Human Poverty Index, Gender Development Index, National Happiness Index.
6. Indian Public finance; Indian tax system, public expenditure, public debt, deficit and subsidies in the Indian economy. Center-State financial relation. Recent fiscal and monetary policy issues and their impact, GST: Concept and Implications.
7. Trend, composition, structure and direction of India’s Foreign Trade. India’s Balance of payments Situation in post reforms period.
8. Gujarat economy-An overview; social sector in Gujarat- Education, Health, and Nutrition. Gujarat Economy in relation to India and major states in recent decades,major problems in agriculture, forest, water resources, mining, industry and service Sector. Development policies for economic and social infrastructure – An appraisal.
(B) Geography
1. General Geography: Earth in Solar system, Motion of the Earth, Concept of time, Season, Internal Structure of the Earth, Major landforms and their features. Atmosphere-structure and composition, elements and factors of Climate, Airmasses and Fronts, atmospheric disturbances, climate change. Oceans: Physical, chemical and biological characteristics, Hydrological Distasters, Marine and Continental resources.
2. Physical: World, India and Gujarat : Major physical divisions, Earthquakes, landslides, Natural drainage, climatic changes and regions, Monsoon, Natural Vegetation, Parks and Sanctuaries, Major Soil types, Rocks and Minerals.
3. Social: World, India and Gujarat : distribution, density, growth, Sex-ratio, Literacy, Occupational Structure, SC and ST Population, Rural-Urban components, Racial, tribal, religious and linguistic groups, urbanization, migration and metropolitan regions.
4. Economic: World, India and Gujarat: Major sectors of economy, Agriculture, Industry and Services, their salient features. Basic Industries-Agro, mineral, forest, fuel and manpower based Industries, Transport and Trade, Pattern and Issues.
1. Science and Technology: Nature and Scope of Science & Technology; Relevance of Science & Technology to the day to day life; National Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation; Institutes and Organization in India promoting integration of Science, Technology and Innovation, their activities and contribution; Contribution of Prominent Indian Scientists.
2. Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Nature and Scope of ICT; ICT in day to day life; ICT and Industry; ICT and Governance - Various government schemes promoting use of ICT, E-Governance programmes and services; Netiquettes; Cyber Security Concerns - National Cyber Crime Policy.
3. Technology in Space & Defence: Evolution of Indian Space Programme; Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) – it’s activities and achievements; Various Satellite Programmes – Satellites for Telecommunication, Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) Satellites; Satellites for defence, Eduset or Satellites for academic purposes; Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)- vision, mission and activities.
4. Energy Requirement and Efficiency: India’s existing energy needs and deficit; India’s Energy Resources and Dependence, Energy policy of India - Government Policies and Programmes.
5. Nuclear Policy of India and its commitment to the world: India’s Nuclear power programme; India’s nuclear cooperation with other countries; Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and India; Nuclear weapons policy of India; Draft Nuclear Doctrine of India, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), Fissile Material Cut off Treaty (FMCT), Conference on Disarmament (CD); Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) and India.
6. Environmental Science: Issues and concerns related to environment; Its legal aspects, policies and treaties for the protection of environment at the national and the international level; Biodiversity- its importance and concerns; Climate Change, International Initiatives (Policies, Protocols) and India’s commitment; Forest and Wildlife - Legal framework for Forest and Wildlife Conservation in India; Environmental Hazards, pollution, carbon emission, Global warming. National Action plans on Climate Change and Disaster management. Biotechnology and Nanotechnology; Nature, Scope and application, Ethical, Social, and Legal issues, Government Policies. Genetic Engineering; Issues related to it and its impact on human life. Health & Environment.
(D) Current Events of Regional, National and International Importance.

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